Malnutrition In India

Malnutrition in India

By Gagandeep Singh

India is located in south Asia, and north of the Indian Ocean. India is known to have the second highest population in the world, right below its neighboring country China. India is one of the many countries that is economically developing, and it is ranked 66 out of 88. India has one of the highest percentages of undernourished children in the world, which also reflects the lack of balance in malnutrition amongst the different socioeconomic and geographic groups. The statistic has increased immensely since the 1990s.

The malnutrition in India is highly prevalent regarding micronutrient deficiencies and protein-energy malnutrition which negatively affects the childrens' overall development. Suffering from this, children’s cognitive and physical growths are both impaired which increases the chances of infection. Malnutrition in children is counted for 22 percent of all Indian’s diseases.

Most of the growth retardation occurs at the age of two and is nearly impossible to reverse. Children in India are most likely to be malnourished if they are living in a rural area. Of the children living in rural areas of India, 50% of them are underweight and the ones living in urban areas, 38% of them are underweight. In the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Orissa, one in two children are considered underweight and malnourished.

Since the average annual income of an Indian family in India is making about $500.00, it is inevitable to face issues regarding hunger and malnourishment. The number of people living in poverty has decreased but the number of poor people has increased with the increase in population. With the increasing standard of living as well in India, it makes it tougher for the average annual families to afford an adequate amount of food their families.

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