Mangosteen (fruit)


By: Christin Tambrin

The Mangosteen is a tropical evergreen tree, which originates from Sunda Island and the Moluccas of Indonesia. Mangosteen is the most popular Asian fruit. It takes about 15 years for the mangosteen tree to produce a fruit. It has to be grown in temperatures of above 40°F (4°C). If it is grown in temperatures below that, the plants die.

Ripened mangosteen is about the size of a mandarin orange. An interesting fact about mangosteen is that there is always a type of scar at one end. This is a remnant of the flower, and the number of remnant flower parts contained in the scar will tell you how many segments of fruit are inside. Besides containing more fruit, mangosteen that has the most segments will also have fewer seeds.

Mangosteen is a slow growing tree that grows from 7 to 25 meters tall. It requires a wet lowland tropical climate. The plant does not survive temperatures below 410 F (50 C). The mangosteen trees can yield more than 1000 fruits in a season.

Mangosteen is advertised as one of functional foods. It is presumed to have a combination of appealing subjective characteristics (such as taste, fragrance and visual qualities), nutrient, antioxidant, richness, strength and potential impact for lowering risk against human diseases.

When it is in season, mangosteen is available in Chinese/Asian markets, and sometimes in supermarkets and grocery stores. The United States has recently lifted a long-term ban on mangosteen imports (due to concerns over possible fruit-fly contamination) to allow imports of irradiated mangosteen from Thailand.

A video to discover more about this fruit at you tube: Mangosteen


The Nutrition facts about Mangosteen:
Calories: 60-63
Water: 80.2- 84.9 g
Protein: 0.50-0.60 g
Fat: 0.1-0.6 g
Carbohydrates: 14.3-15.6 g
Sugars (sucrose, glucose and fructose): 16.42-16.82 g
Fiber: 5.0-5.1g
Calcium: 0.01-8.0 mg













mangosteen tree
mangosteen fruit
Thai-style Mangosteen Clafouti
Here is a link to show you how to prepare for this famous old-tradition dessert



Source:
http://thaifood.about.com/od/thaidesserts/r/mangosteenclafo.htm
http://chinesefood.about.com/od/glossary/g/mangosteen.htm
http://www.phytochemicals.info/plants/mangosteen.php
http://www.fatfreekitchen.com/nutrition/mangosteen.html



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